> MURAL PAINTING
> THE FRESCO
The project involves the realization of a monumental fresco on behalf of Seum/ European School of Crafts, on the side wall of the escalators gallery that connects Pietri parking with the upper side of the historic city of Arezzo. It measures about 200 square meters and recalls a detail from the Battle between Heraclius and Chosroes by the Renaissance master Piero della Francesca (it is part of the Legend of the True Cross cycle in the church of San Francesco in Arezzo). The work was carried out in two weeks (16 to 29 October 2011), by a group of 16 students from Argentina, France, Germany, Israel, Palestine, Poland, Spain, United States and Italy.
The training and the profession
The goal is to maintain and promote crafts and techniques which are about to disappear. The fresco, in particular, is an ancient technique with important references to our architectural heritage and therefore a powerful marketing and promotion tool. This experience let us develop an effective methodology in a limited period of time, thus allowing the students to learn the basics to create a fresco. The particular complexity of the technique, the knowledge of the type of support, the different reaction times depending on weather conditions and the color variations over time required the student to perform a series of careful considerations before and during the project execution . This methodological approach enriches the cultural baggage with experiential learning that will be useful in the execution of different future crafts. Another element that characterizes the training of the school consists in the exhortation to seek satisfaction in job performance. The passion and the continuous search for innovative solutions to improve, become the engines of our own doing and one of the cornerstones of our existence. It is obvious that the current historical architectural stimulates this approach; students are immersed in a often unknown landscape, full of references to tradition and where the passion and artistry of making oozes from every stone. Learning a profession is a very complex process. It does not consists only of techniques and savoir faire but it grows and is fed by the social and economic context. If you separate techniques from their environmental context, you can create good professionals but no craft men.
An urban redevelopment project
The project aims at the development of a crucial and very popular itinerary, filled with symbolic value.
Whereas the building envelope and its environmental insertion do not alter the surrounding space, the arrangement of the interior space denote a lack of attention to details and shows a sense of incompleteness. The approach to the historic city center cannot take place through something which looks like a supermarket aisle. It is necessary to prepare the path to the wealth and peculiarity of the walled city. The visitor is accompanied by inadequate lighting with fluorescent tubes, the strident noise of the escalators, the continued succession of annoying advertisings and absurd music. From the technical point of view a moisture-proof plasterboard wall is to be realized behind the retaining wall on the right downhill side. This new wall ensures ventilation against possible infiltration of moisture and does not affect the possibility to adjust the upstream side without damaging the work. Moreover, it allows easy maintenance and any future disassembly. The aluminum frame does not interfere with the escalators mechanism and it interrupts before reaching the floor of the cover to allow ventilation of the masonry and installation of lights, speakers, and video cameras that will have to be dismantled and removed. The drywall panels are pre-treated with a fixative like Coras and a subsequent layer of lime cement plaster and loaded with resins, which constitute the painting’s support. The placement on the opposite wall of the banners of Arezzo’s artists will reinforce the concept of the profession in progress and will complete the set of the escalators gallery. The realization of the underpainting involves the use of cardboards reproducing the magnitude of the work which will be drafted by the students on plasterboards. In consideration of the number of pupils (16), it involves the use of four trestles and a suitable coverage of the pavement. The project must be completed by replacing the current fluorescent tubes lighting system with high pressure sodium lamps to get a warm glow and avoid the prevalence of yellow (2500 -3000 ° kelvin). The projectors will have to be oriented towards the roof slab and provide a reflected light by means of a sail of translucent fabric. Other projectors with white light will be oriented towards the fresco with a 3500 ° kelvin light.
THE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT
URBAN SCENOGRAPHY & SUSTAINABILITY